26 May, 2019

What is the Difference between UX and UI Design - A Beginner's Guide

UX/UI designers are interchangeably used but they have a stark difference. Let us look at the differences between a UI and UX designer.

What Is a UX Designer and What Does a UX Designer Do?

User interface (UX) designers are responsible for developing an overall experience for the user as they connect with a digital or physical object, such as a website or a coffee machine. Some focus on service design, such as designing the user environment of using public transit or consulting a doctor.

Their primary concern is to research users, to consider their behavior, and to design a user's experience that allows users to accomplish their desired tasks with minimal effort. The day-to-day duties of the UX designer vary greatly between firms or even between projects within the same organization, but some of the general job functions include:

  • Conduct testing on consumers:

    Learn about consumers and their behavior, objectives, motives, and needs. UX teams can gather data through a variety of methods, such as user/stakeholder interviews, competitive research, online polls, and focus groups. The data are processed and translated into qualitative and quantitative knowledge that drives decision-making.

  • Build people for the customer:

    Identifying primary consumer communities and developing representative individuals with respect to their attitudes and demographics. Personas can be used to render in-depth examples, a person's day-to-day life, demonstrating how the product blends with the daily routine of the customer.

  • Determine the digital product information architecture:

    Organizing information on an app or website to guide the customer in completing tasks or teaching them about the product. A successful information architecture shows users where they are and how to locate the information they need—think of a sitemap or a quick-answer chat box.

  • Design of interface flows and wireframes:

    Creating a low-fidelity representation of the template. Wireframes reflect a user's journey as they connect with a website or app, including UI features such as buttons or images. They are depicted in a condensed version using the placeholders.

  • Build a prototype:

    Generate an immersive final iteration of the pre-development product that is either clickable or observable. It should encourage the customer to test the key product interactions. Modern prototyping tools also allow designers to film prototypes as videos to lead users through the design features of the device.

  • Test products for actual consumers:

    Gathering input from consumers on the basis of a minimal viable product (MVP). The MVP is the first version of a commodity with the minimum credentials needed for entry into the market. Product testing can be formal (designers collect input from consumers by answering detailed questions) or unstructured (users are left on their own devices to work out how to use the product, and input is obtained on the basis of their natural reaction rather than explicit questioning).

Who Is a UI Designer and What Does a UI Designer Do?

User interface (UI) designers are mainly concerned with the way a user navigates through a digital app. User interface design is called a UX feature, but you can always see the UI/UX used interchangeably in job titles and job descriptions, or it may be the responsibility of the product manager.

The regular tasks of the designer of the UI can include:
  • Determine how consumers communicate with products:

    The nature of the user interface concerns the graphic style of the app or website. Think about stuff like how icons are made, how they're placed on the page, and how they refer to each other. Design elements such as font collection, color scheme, graphics, buttons, and menu styling are also used design elements. Together, these interface decisions allow users to consider which objects can be pressed, tapped, or swiped, which of a variety of buttons is most important, and how to identify calls-to-action.

  • Work together with UX designers:

    UI designers collaborate together with UX designers to ensure that the customer journey matches the UX product vision of the team. For eg, is the consumer in a position to complete all the steps of online purchase? Are they responding to upsell or cross-sell prompts at checkout? Some UI designers focus on speech interfaces for voice-activated IoT products, such as smart speakers or virtual assistants. Their function is to develop conversation routes that promote activities for the user without the assistance of a visual guide.

UX vs. UI design: Which career path should you choose?

Let us look at some of the skills and responsibilities required for a UX and UI designer respectively

  • UX designer Responsibility:

    UX programmers take on a range of positions in the project, meaning that the day-to-day shifts at the point of the project you're working on. You can start hiring or screening new users for your next usability test in the morning, or type the script for your next remote user testing. You would reconsider wireframes made by visual designers based on technological constraints or from the input that has received from a consumer test.

    If you work with a smaller team, you can carry on a broader variety of duties, such as assisting with information architecture or project management and collaborating with production teams.

    Skills Required:
    • Strategy:

      UX designers need to be specific on the priorities they are working for. Is that to raise the number of registrations? Build a straightforward knowledge dashboard? Whatever the target, UX designers are responsible for designing a plan to achieve a more functional gui.

    • Analysis and Usability Testing:

      You will need to learn how to test your proposals to ensure that you are working on the correct approach. Usability testing includes the recruitment of participants, the development of follow-up scripts for the experiments, and the review and interpretation of your results.

    • Prototyping:

      Experimenting includes samples, and for UX designers, this typically involves making wireframes and dreaming about interactivity. Any design might start with a drawing, but a UX designer might be responsible for getting them to a higher degree of fidelity with a tool like Figma, Sketch, or Invision.

  • UI Designer Responsibilities:

    UI designers are normally interested after any UX work has been done. You are likely to launch a design study project to work out how to adapt current brand guidelines to a new interface. You're going to make assumptions on everything from selecting the right typeface to designing button styles—and you're also going to have to persuade people about your choices.

    As a UI designer, you will need to consider the responsive design and make choices about how changes and interaction work. If your projects get approved and go ahead, you are likely to collaborate with UX designers to explain your thought process behind your before it starts to evolve.

    Skills Required:
    • User Interface Design:

      The designers of the UI are responsible for the whole visual interface. This covers everything from building style guides that detail how everything from icons to menus can appear.

    • Interaction and Animation:

      This is the environment where UX and UI designers may share their work. The UX or the UI designer may be behind the plan of what touches and taps are supposed to do, but the UI designer uses the concept visually so that the user can grasp the interface without instructions. The experiences a UI designer creates help to make the app intuitive.

    • Front-End Development:

      Markup, CSS, and JavaScript are the main languages for front-end development. Although UI programmers are not often required to assist with the development, having front-end development expertise is a massive competitive advantage in order to produce fully immersive work.


On average, you can note that UI and UX workers have identical wage levels across startups and small tech sectors. However, you will find that there are more and more possibilities for UI designers in technology sectors beyond the web and smartphone fields (e.g. automotive makers, suppliers of medical devices, etc.), as the sector is not only more developed but has a more direct, business-driven application.

Hope this helps you to decide which career path you would like to tread upon.

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